Reinforced Concrete Design Theory and Examples, 3rd Ed
Concrete is arguably the most important building material, playing a part in all building
structures. Its virtue is its versatility, i.e. its ability to be moulded to take up the shapes
required for the various structural forms. It is also very durable and fire resistant when
specification and construction procedures are correct.
Concrete can be used for all standard buildings both single storey and multi-storey
and for containment and retaining structures and bridges. Some of the common building
structures are shown in Fig.1.1 and are as follows:
1. The single-storey portal supported on isolated footings;
2. The medium-rise framed structure which may be braced by shear walls or unbraced.
The building may be supported on isolated footings, strip foundations or a raft;
3. The tall multi-storey frame and core structure where the core and rigid frames together
resist wind loads. The building is usually supported on a raft which in turn may bear
directly on the ground or be carried on piles or caissons. These buildings usually include